Both (of) with nouns and pronouns
1 We can put both (of) before nouns and pronouns.
Before a noun with a determiner (for example: the, my, these), both and both of are both possible.
Both (of) my parents like riding.
She’s eaten both (of) the chops.
We can also use both without a determiner.
She’s eaten both chops. (‘= ... both of the chops.)
Only both of is possible before a personal pronoun (us, you, them).
Both of them can come tomorrow.
Mary sends her love to both of us.
2 We can put both after object pronouns.
I’ve invited them both.
Mary sends us both her love.
I’ve made you both something to eat.
3 Note: we do not put the before both.
Both children (NOT the both children)
Both with verbs
Both can go with a verb, in ‘mid-position’, like some adverbs
1 auxiliary verb + both
We can both swim.
They have both finished.
We are both tired.
2 both + other verb
My parents both like travelling.
You both look tired
both + adjective + and + adjective
both + noun + and + noun
both + clause + and + clause
We usually put the same kind of words after both and and.
She’s both pretty and clever. (adjectives)
I spoke to both the Director and his secretary. (nouns)
(NOT I both spoke to the Director and his secretary.)
She both plays the piano and sings. (verbs)
(NOT She both plays the piano and she sings.) (verb, clause)