Renal Dialysis (Bac 2015 C-D 1er Tour)
Properly functioning kidney tissue is necessary for life. Inadequate function results in the accumulation of waste products in the blood stream, and alteration of the body's chemical balance. This results in a condition called uremia. When uremia is severe and life - threatening, dialysis is generally instituted.
Women in Development Process (Bac 2015 A4-A5 1er Tour)
Around half of Sub-Sahara Africa's human capital is under-utilized because poor people do not have the resources that would enable them to contribute to production and economic development Efforts to reduce poverty must tackle inequalities, which vary between countries, cultures and ethnic groups. Special attention needs to be paid to the situation of women, who often do not enjoy the same access to resources as men, despite their considerable productive potential. The contribution of women to economy remains underestimated and official statistics rarely measure this contribution.
Economic and Social Marginalization (Bac 2015 G1-G2-H 2e Tour)
Through the complex regional and world diversities, a pattern of economic marginalization can increasingly be discerned. Its identifying motif is steady sidelining of the poorest nations and of the poorest people within these nations. Internationally, the poorest forty or fifty countries have seen their share of world income decline to the point where one fifth of the world's people now share less than 1.5 percent of the world's income. Within individual nations, developing or industrialized, the poorest sections of the community are continually being marginalized, as they now share, on average, little more than 5 percent of their national income, while the fewer rich group claims between forty and sixty percent of the same income.
The Predatory State (Bac 2015 G1-G2-H 1er Tour)
Classical obstacles to Africa's development in the 1960s (illiteracy, low savings, low investment) still remain. Today, however, they have been overtaken by a far more insidious set of constraints, including political instability, inefficient markets, corruption and capital flight.
My name is Lawrence Moore. More than five years ago, after my country got caught in a terrible civil war, I joined one group of soldiers when I was 15. I took part in many combats. I was hurt in the very first one and was treated in a hospital. There, for the first time, I felt that I belong to something.
We lost many of our men, but we also killed a lot of enemies. One night, one of my friends died in front of me.
Hypertension is as prevalent in many developing countries as it is in developed countries and is an increasingly health issue worldwide. It is a major risk factor of heart attacks and strokes: approximately 62% of cerebrovascular disease and 49% of ischemic heart disease are attributable to suboptimal blood pressure. Worldwide, high blood pressure is estimated to cause 7.1 million deaths per year, with close to 4.2 million of these occurring in developing countries.