Economic and Social Marginalization (Bac 2015 G1-G2-H 2e Tour)
Through the complex regional and world diversities, a pattern of economic marginalization can increasingly be discerned. Its identifying motif is steady sidelining of the poorest nations and of the poorest people within these nations. Internationally, the poorest forty or fifty countries have seen their share of world income decline to the point where one fifth of the world's people now share less than 1.5 percent of the world's income. Within individual nations, developing or industrialized, the poorest sections of the community are continually being marginalized, as they now share, on average, little more than 5 percent of their national income, while the fewer rich group claims between forty and sixty percent of the same income.
The Predatory State (Bac 2015 G1-G2-H 1er Tour)
Classical obstacles to Africa's development in the 1960s (illiteracy, low savings, low investment) still remain. Today, however, they have been overtaken by a far more insidious set of constraints, including political instability, inefficient markets, corruption and capital flight.
My name is Lawrence Moore. More than five years ago, after my country got caught in a terrible civil war, I joined one group of soldiers when I was 15. I took part in many combats. I was hurt in the very first one and was treated in a hospital. There, for the first time, I felt that I belong to something.
We lost many of our men, but we also killed a lot of enemies. One night, one of my friends died in front of me.
Hypertension is as prevalent in many developing countries as it is in developed countries and is an increasingly health issue worldwide. It is a major risk factor of heart attacks and strokes: approximately 62% of cerebrovascular disease and 49% of ischemic heart disease are attributable to suboptimal blood pressure. Worldwide, high blood pressure is estimated to cause 7.1 million deaths per year, with close to 4.2 million of these occurring in developing countries.
Present European Union (EU) policies restrict imports of genetically modified food and the release of genetically engineered living organisms into the environment. Revisions under discussion would allow modified imports, but require that they be labelled as such. In Europe where agricultural landscapes and local products are highly valued, experience with mad cow disease has highlightened distrust of large-scale, industrialized farming. U.S. officials contend that such attitudes are irrational and that EU regulations are not based on scientific evidence. ...
One Sahelian out of two lives below the poverty line, and every day one out of three experiences the pangs of hunger and malnutrition. Nearly 3 billion people in the world live with less than two dollars a day and more than 800 million people still suffer from hunger.